11 October 2005
Jerry Mateparae Visit To Phillipines Of Concern To PSNA
The Philippines Solidarity Network of Aotearoa (PSNA) has recently learned that the head of the New Zealand Army. Major
General Jerry Mateparae, made an official visit to the Philippine military forces stationed in the southernmost part of
the country, which the US and Philippine governments have designated as "'the second front' in the War On Terror".
The far south of the Philippines has been the scene of a brutal civil war between the Philippine military and Muslim
separatists since the 1970s.
Major General Mateparae's visit to the Armed Forces of the Philippines' Southern Command HQ in Zamboanga City, southern
Mindanao, was reported in the local newspaper, Zamboanga Today on September 17 ("New Zealand military officials watch RP
[Republic of the Philippines] anti-terror campaign").
The caption for an accompanying photo says: "Canberra (sic) and Manila are allies in the fight against international
terrorism". Are we? Who gave the NZ military and/or Government any mandate to get involved in the extremely murky and
bloodsoaked politics of the southern Philippines?
The Philippine military has an appalling record of systematic human rights abuses, not only against the Muslim
population in the south, but throughout the entire archipelago (a second civil war has raged throughout the whole
country since the 1960s, between the military and Communist guerrillas).
The military operates in a culture of impunity i.e. nobody is ever held accountable for the innumerable murders,
abductions, disappearances, torture, terrorisation of entire communities, etc, etc.
Things have got so bad that, in August, the Philippines' embattled and courageous human rights movement invited
foreigners to join an International Solidarity Mission to five of the worst human rights hotspots.
Four New Zealanders took part and one of them, Tim Howard (from Whangarei) spent several weeks travelling from one end
of the country to the other, including down south to the Muslim frontlines of the "War On Terror" and saw graphic
evidence that what is being waged is actually a War of Terror, by the Philippine military and Government against its own
people. He saw the grisly reality of what Mateparae's visit was implicitly endorsing.
On October 5, Tim took the trouble to ring Major General Mateparae and interview him directly about the latter's visit
to southern Mindanao. Mateparae described his visit as a "fact finding one" and one in the context of the NZ Defence
Force being a" role model" for how a professional military should operate in a liberal democracy.
This is pie in the sky stuff - the Philippines is very far from being a liberal democracy, or nay other sort of
democracy; and its military is professional only in respect of being monumentally corrupt and murderously oppressive of
its civilian population, Muslim, Christian, and everyone else.
The Zamboanga Today report says that Mateparae was there to monitor the progress of the Philippine military in its
campaign against the Abu Sayyaf Group in Mindanao. This requires some explanation for New Zealanders, who might think
that this is a good thing in that it may actually achieve something against the Islamic terrorists believed to have
carried out atrocities like the recent Bali bombings.
Abu Sayyaf are just a tiny band of criminals, the latest manifestation in a long history of pirates and bandits in that
part of the world. They specialise in spectacular kidnappings for huge ransoms, along with a penchant for beheadings. In
that respect they are terrorists, but they are not remotely political, and have been disowned by the genuine Muslim
separatists operating in Mindanao.
Even more ironic, Abu Sayyaf owes its very existence to the US and the Philippine military. Exactly as with Osama bin
Laden and his merry men, it was founded by Muslims recruited by the US CIA to fight the Russians in Afghanistan in the
What happened in both instances is called "blow back". There is incontrovertible evidence that, to this day, Abu Sayyaf
has a thriving relationship with corrupt senior officers of the Philippine military, with the latter getting a cut of
the huge ransoms, whilst allowing the bandits to mysteriously "escape" when they've been surrounded during yet another
"total war" offensive that will supposedly wipe them out.
And all is not what it seems when it comes to who is supposedly responsible for "Islamic terrorism" in Mindanao. In
2003, disillusioned Philippine Army officers and men staged a mutiny right in the heart of the capital, Manila. They
revealed that one of the things they objected to was being ordered to conduct deadly bombings against civilian targets
in Mindanao, bombings that were then blamed on "Islamic terrorists" and cited as justification to get the US militarily
involved in this Philippine civil war.
And there is evidence of direct US involvement in his very same "Islamic terrorism". In 2002, a mysterious American was
seriously injured when a bomb exploded in his Mindanao hotel room. There was no suggestion that he was a target; it was
his bomb which had apparently exploded prematurely. Before he could be questioned, US Government agents whisked him out
of the country. The Philippine media openly speculated about his connections to US Intelligence and his role as an agent
Murky waters indeed. And ones that the NZ military would be very strongly advised to stay right out of. New Zealand
undermined our credibility with the long suffering Filipino people when our military made regular use of the massive US
bases there during the Marcos dictatorship. Marcos is gone, the bases are gone, and thanks to the Anzus row, we don't
get invited to use US bases any more. Let's leave it that way and make sure that our military stays right out of the