30 October 2007
Goff - New helicopters selected for NZ Defence Force
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Minister of Defence Phil Goff announced today that Cabinet has approved the start of contract negotiations with
Agusta-Westland, the preferred tenderer for the supply of training-light utility helicopters to the New Zealand Defence
“The negotiations for five Agusta-Westland A109LUHs and a flight simulator will commence shortly and I expect a contract
to be signed in the first quarter of next year,” Phil Goff said.
“The helicopters should enter service with the Royal New Zealand Air Force in 2010.
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A Sioux helicopter
“The purchase represents a new generation capability for the New Zealand Defence Force and in technology and capability
is a quantum leap forward from the old Sioux training helicopter.
“In common with the Seasprite helicopter already in service and the eight new NH-90s on order for the RNZAF, the A109 is
wheeled and capable of deployment from our navy vessels.
“The helicopter has the advanced technology necessary for training pilots going on to the Seasprite and NH-90 which the
Sioux simply does not have.
“It flies faster and further, carries more people and can do a wide range of tasks, including with the Navy.
“As well as training, the A109 has light utility capabilities including air transport, search and rescue, aero-medical
evacuation, disaster response and surveillance and counter terrorism support.
“It can work alongside the NH-90 or carry out tasks for which its size makes it more suited and at less expense than
using the NH-90.
“It will also provide operational support for other government agencies, including Police, Customs, Department of
Conservation, and Ministry of Fisheries.
“The Royal New Zealand Air Force is delighted with the decision. It represents another milestone in modernising the New
Zealand Defence Force and providing it with capabilities needed for the Twenty First Century,’ Phil Goff said.
Announcement of selection of preferred tenderer for the Training/Light Utility Helicopter Project:
Questions and Answers
- What helicopter has been selected?
o The Agusta-Westland A109LUH (Light Utility Helicopter) has been selected to meet NZ’s requirements for a
Training/Light Utility Helicopter.
o The A109LUH is a military variant of the A109 family of helicopters that have served in a variety of civil and
military guises in over 80 countries around the world.
- What sort of helicopter is the A109LUH?
o The A109LUH is a lightweight, twin-engined helicopter with a modern ‘glass’ cockpit and a retractable wheeled
undercarriage, optimised for use in military training and light utility tasks.
- Who makes the A109LUH?
o The A109LUH is made by Agusta-Westland, which is based near Milan in Italy. Agusta-Westland is one of the largest
helicopter manufacturers in the world having delivered over 4,500 helicopters to civil and military customers worldwide.
o Agusta-Westland is also a partner in the production of the NH90, which NZ is acquiring to replace the Iroquois.
- How many are being purchased?
o Five A109LUH are being purchased, along with a Flight Training Device to provide simulation training for the pilots.
- How much will they cost?
o The final detailed cost for the package will be advised at the conclusion of the contract negotiations.
- How big is the A109LUH?
o The A109LUH has the following dimensions:
- Overall length (rotors turning) - 12.94m
- Fuselage length – 11.45m
- Rotor diameter – 10.83m
- Height - 3.4m
- Maximum Take-Off Weight - 3175kg
- Empty weight – approximately 1670kg (depending on the equipment fitted for the task to be undertaken)
- What is the performance of the A109LUH?
o With a crew of three and a thirty minute fuel reserve the A109LUH is capable of the following performance:
- Maximum cruise speed - 285kph
- Maximum ferry range - 650km
- Maximum endurance - 3hrs 30mins
- Useful load on the cargo hook - 600 kg
- Rescue winch capable of lifting 270kg or two people
- Carrying one stretcher patient
- How many people can it carry?
o The A109LUH has two pilot seats and a maximum of six seats in the rear cabin. The A109LUH will normally have a crew of
two pilots and one helicopter crewman, although this may vary depending on the complexity of the task being undertaken.
- What sort of tasks can it be used for?
o The A109LUH can be used for pilot and helicopter crewman training as well as for a wide variety of tasks involving the
carriage of small numbers of people and modest amounts of freight. In NZ service it is intended to be used for
- Pilot and helicopter crewman training for aircrew destined to fly the NH90 and SH-2G Seasprite helicopters.
- Operational support to the NH90 Medium Utility Helicopter during counter terrorist operations.
- Light utility tasks involving the carriage of up to six people or modest amounts of freight.
- Operational support to other NZ government agencies including NZ Police, NZ Customs Service, Department of
Conservation and Ministry of Fisheries.
- What modifications are being made to the A109LUH to make it suitable for NZ requirements?
o The A109LUH is being fitted with radios that will make it compatible with the communications capabilities of the NZDF,
other military partners and civil agencies.
- Who else uses the A109LUH?
o Variants of the A109LUH are operated by South Africa, Malaysia and Sweden.
o Other variants of the A109 are flown by the United Kingdom, Australia, the US and many other countries and companies
around the world.
- What makes the A109LUH suitable for training NZ crews?
o The A109LUH has an advanced ‘glass’ cockpit with flight performance, engine performance, moving map and other
instrumentation displayed on a number of multi-function displays in the cockpit.
o The A109LUH also has an advanced four-axis autopilot which, along with an advanced flight management system and a full
suite of instrument flying and navigation systems, provides an excellent introduction to the technology used in the
o The A109LUH has a cabin, cargo hook and rescue winch that allow helicopter crewman to be trained in the duties that
they will perform on the larger helicopters.
o The A109LUH is suitable for introducing helicopter crews to Naval ships’ deck operations. All future helicopter crews
will need to be deck qualified so they can operate to and from the Project PROTECTOR vessels currently being acquired.
- Why do we need to replace the Sioux?
o The Sioux provides neither the twin-engined, high performance experience, nor does it have sufficiently advanced
instrumentation, to prepare pilots to undertake training on the very advanced NH90, which is being purchased to replace
o The Sioux can not be used for training helicopter crewmen as it does not have the cabin space, winch or hook necessary
and so the Iroquois is currently used. Upon retirement of the Iroquois, the NH90 and Seasprite would be inappropriate to
use routinely for basic helicopter crewmen training.
- Where will the A109s be based?
o The A109s will form part of No 3 Squadron at RNZAF Base Ohakea.
- What other helicopters were considered?
o There were only two competitive responses to the Request for Tender, with the other helicopter considered being the
Eurocopter EC635, a military variant of the civil EC135 helicopter.
- Why was the A109LUH chosen?
o The A109LUH was chosen following a competitive tender and evaluation process. It was assessed to be the helicopter
that best met the widest range of NZ requirements.
- When will they arrive in New Zealand?
o The final construction and delivery schedule will be finalised during contract negotiations that will take place over
the coming months. However, it is anticipated that the aircraft will enter service in 2010.