It’s been a rough past few months for Iran’s Velayat-e faqih, Supreme Leader, Ali Hosseni Khamenei, and his personal
army, the IRGC’s Al Quds Force, as well as its ambitious and increasingly edgy leader, General Qassim Solemani.
Across the region, from Yemen on the Persian Gulf to Hamas on the Mediterranean Sea, many supporters of the “Resistance
Axis” are pulling back their support, believing it to be fraudulent. Another reason is that the region’s civilian
population are realizing that Syria’s Civil War will not be ending anytime soon as rebels and Islamists rebuild their
forces and Syria’s army is once again nearly depleted and women are once again being conscripted.
The people in this region are becoming tired of Iran’s project and its cost in human lives and treasury, not least of
whom are the civilian populations of Iran, Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon not to mention Russian
officials and elements of the Assad regime.
Contributing to an awakening of sorts is the now. denied by Hezbollah, Hassan Nasrallah speech which he gave a couple of
months ago to an Iranian audience in South Beirut. Some “I told you so!” excerpts from Nasrallah’s speech are still
being distributed across the region by social media etc. by Arab Sunni, as well as Iranians who opposed their country’s
theocracy, and Shia and Christian hegemony detractors among others.
The continuing strong backlash in Arab and other media against Nasrallah’s speech, including his declaration of absolute
loyalty to Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, includes an objection to Nasrallah’s recorded words a few examples of
which are noted below:
· “We believe in him [Ali Khamenei] more than we do the Lebanese Constitution. We consider this view taklif, legal
obligation, and necessary.”
· The Lebanese cleric’s speech further highlights that the conventional wisdom of labeling Hezbollah as a “proxy” of the
Islamic Republic is insufficient to describe the relationship – Hezbollah is an arm of the Iranian government and the
Lebanese branch of the Guard Corps. “Today, Hezbollah is a global power,” Nasrallah continued, again crediting that
success to “obedience to the Velayat-e faqih.”
· “We believe that obeying the Velayat-e faqih is like obeying the infallible 12 Shiite Imams. We believe that if the
Valayat-e faqih has said that ‘this is my opinion’ we must obey him.”
· Throughout the speech, Nasrallah emphasized his belief in the Velayat-e faqih, or guardianship of the jurisprudence,
the founding politico-religious ideology of the Islamic Republic which calls for a theocratic government and an Islamic
state with all powers of Church and State vested in the hands of a cleric, or the vali-ye faqih, the Deputy of God on
· “We plainly say that the Islamic Republic is the country of the Imam of Time [Mahdi], and we are ready to sacrifice
for the holy system that we are the soldiers of his Excellency, Ali Khameini and the soldiers of the Islamic Republic of
· Nasrallah revealed that Hezbollah was created immediately following the success of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini’s
Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979.
This suggests that the militia that later became Hezbollah in 1985, as explained in Hezbollah’s “Open Letter” of the
same year, was active and already had a defined ideology prior to the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in June of 1982.
During the war, the Hezbollah network grew and was able to frame itself as the “Resistance” of the Palestinian refugees
and protector of the Shia.
Nasrallah’s speech caused angst in Tehran and he was instructed by Ali Khamenei’s office to deny he gave the speech,
which he did, blaming the report on “an irresponsible Journalist” in Tehran.
On 6/16/18, Gulf countries, joined by the US imposed further sanctions on Hezbollah leaders, proclaiming the Iran-backed
Lebanese group a terrorist organization and dismissing the distinction between the party’s political and armed wings.
Additional US sanctions targeted Hezbollah’s top officials, including its leader Hassan Nasrallah and his deputy Naim
Qassem. The measures were imposed jointly by Washington and its partners in the Terrorist Financing and Targeting Center
(TFTC), which includes Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, the US Treasury
Iran and Israel’s psychological war is pressuring Tehran
Against this backdrop which is in the minds of millions in this region, Iran has to date lost its military and
psychological war with Israel in Syria and is unlikely to launch more attacks anytime soon. Its military is pinned down
and Israeli attacks the past few months have made Iran’s Al Quds fighters afraid to enter certain outposts including a
major one next to Damascus Airport. It is known “secretly” as the “Glass House” which housed hundreds of Iranian forces,
arms, medical facilities, bank vaults, and weapons. The building allegedly contains up to 280 rooms. “A number of
departments are based inside ‘the Glass House’, including counterintelligence, logistics, propaganda and
foreign-mercenary command. The Iranian intelligence services, who oversee the base, are said to occupy the top two
floors. The building is also said to contain a 20-bed private clinic for wounded senior Iranian officers, and facilities
for holding millions of dollars in cash for transfer to Hezbollah, according to the website Israel Defense.
On May 10 Israel intensely bombed the area but left the building untouched, apparently correctly calculating that
Iranian Al Quds Forces would not enter the Glass House anytime soon following the IDF attack. The message was clear,
Israel did not need to destroy it this time but preferred to deliver a clear psychological message. The Iranians
abandoned a prized possession because of fears of what Israel might do next. Perhaps from Israel’s point of view, it was
war vs. politics and why destroy the Glass House at this since no one will re-enter it for a while and the message to
Tehran is clear: “We know where your forces and weapons are, and we can and will destroy them each and every time you
attack our civilians, troops or territory.” Al Quds leader Qassim Solemani was reportedly known to be inside the Glass
House at the time and Israel’s government also wanted to send him a message but not kill him. With an 83% approval
rating among Iranians, and considered a moderate, Netanyahu and White House thinks Solemani may be someone the West can
negotiate with and the current regime is removed.
Allowing the evacuation of Iranians from the Glass House is emblematic of a larger and deadly chess game being played
out in Syria. Over the last five years the game has involved limited and precision air strikes – a handful for which
Israel has taken responsibility while others have only been reported in foreign media.
Now theVelayat-e faqih and his forces in Syria have a new problem. After the large May 10 strikes which targeted
numerous positions, including munitions, command and control and intelligence gathering sites, Iran’s agents in Syria
must be wondering what’s coming next. They also must be concerned about how much Jerusalem knows about their operations,
weapons systems, and troop bases and deployment. During the May 10 strikes, around two dozen people were reportedly
killed, most of them Iranians.
So far, for over the past week, Iran and Hezbollah have been mainly quiet with respect to its “Resistance Axis” actions
against the Golan Heights or inside Israel’s border with Syria.
Meanwhile, the civilian population across the region and especially inside Iran are calling for Tehran to leave Syria
and try to save Iran’s economy. Revitalizing Iran’s sinking economy is going to prove difficult unless Iran’s Supreme
Leaders abandons Syria and the region. This Ali Khamenei will not do, and Iranians know this, as protests continue. In
the latest incident, on 5/16/2018 one protester was killed and six injured when a group of Iranians gathered in Kazerun
chanting “subversive slogans” and set fire to a local police station. At least 25 people were killed in a wave of social
unrest that swept towns and cities across Iran last December 28 and January.
Only the success of a widely predicted coming revolution in Iran will achieve withdrawal from the region, salvage Iran’s
plummeting economy and return the country to the Community of Nations with respect and countless opportunities leading
to a better life for Iran’s people. But, as friends in Iran advise this observer, changing their theocratic government
will not note be easy.
The Trump and Netanyahu Administration appear to have reached an agreement about Syria and creating a peaceful region
free of Iranian hegemony projects. Israel will stand ready 24/7 to attack Iranian forces in Syria if Iran’s militias
initiate military attacks.
And the US will have Israel’s back militarily while simultaneously the US Department of the Treasury (OFAC) will apply
historically debilitating sanctions against Iran following the US withdrawal from the JCPOA over the objection of most
of the EU countries. French finance minister Bruno Le Maire insisted in early May 2018 that Europe had to defend its
“economic sovereignty. The E3 countries warned the White House that Europe is prepared to introduce very tough measures
to nullify the effect of the Trump Administration imposing sanctions on any non-US firm that continues to do business
On 5/17/18, The EU announced that on 5/17/18 that it will launch measures aimed at confronting the U.S. sanctions on
Iran. European Commission Chief Jean-Claude Juncker said, as part of efforts to preserve the nuclear deal with Tehran:
“We will begin the ‘blocking statute’ process, which aims to neutralize the extraterritorial effects of U.S. sanctions
in the EU.
In fact, France and the EU will not do anything much. When Trump announced that the US was again imposing the US-led
sanctions, including on any entity that continued to trade with Iran, in effect threatening billions of euros of
European business, the EU decided it could only talk to the media. A government can say one thing, but a Board of
Directors and International Investments Banks who stand to lose billions if they violate OFAC sanctions, have another
view. The US Treasury (OFAC) has said this week that it is giving companies three to six months to wind down their
contracts, including purchases of Iranian oil or themselves face US banking system sanctions. EU efforts to create a
bulwark to protect European companies who attempt to do business with Iran will achieve nothing to counter the US
sanctions unless they can somehow convince Iran to return to the JCPOA bargaining table.
According to the Wall Street Journal of 5/17/18, just days after Trump’s JCPOA announcement about re-imposing tough
Iranian sanctions, European firms are already canceling investments and abandoning commitments in Iran. Total SA, a a
major French oil conglomerate, reported on 5/16/18 that it had has already stopped work on an Iranian natural-gas
project and warned that it will likely pull out altogether from its plan to invest $1 billion in the field. Some
shippers of Iranian oil have said they are ceasing to facilitate such trades because of the new sanctions. Insurance
companies are studying whether they may have to reduce or stop their underwriting on the Islamic Republic’s shipments.
With respect to the recent Iraqi elections, an apparent net loss for Iran
Lebanon’s May 6, 2018 election resulted in a gain for Hezbollah. Not in terms of any increased number of seats it won
but rather those won by its allies. Many believe that Lebanon is already an Iranian colony and that the Parliament will
continue to be run for and by Iran as it has been for years.
Of more interest is the May 11, 2018 election in Iraq. Tehran expected to control the Iraqi vote with results in its
favor like Lebanon’s. But Iraqi’s are known nationalists whereas Lebanese are by and large sectarianists with
traditional nationalists rather back in the pack. Lebanon is a lost cause unless and until Hezbollah ceases being an
Iranian militia army that dictates to what is left of Lebanon’s army, the LAF and becomes a real “Resistance” in support
of Lebanon’s Palestinian civil rights.
With respect to Iraq, which Tehran’s political leaders assumed their candidates would win, initial nationwide results
showed a surprise victory for the bloc that supports populist religious scholar Moqtada al-Sadr, a Shi’ite not aligned
with Iran who campaigned on a nationalist platform, tapping into public resentment against widespread corruption and
huge social disparities.
Before the vote, Tehran publicly stated it would not allow Sadr’s bloc – an unlikely alliance of Shi
tes, and certain secular groups – to govern. For his part, Sadr has made clear he is unwilling to compromise with Iran
by forming a coalition with its main allies, Hadi al-Amiri, leader of the Badr paramilitary group, and former prime
minister Nouri al-Maliki. Maliki is known for his unswerving loyalty to Tehran’s leadership.
The main loser in Iraq’s election may be Iran, whose allies in Iraq’s Shia militias known as the Popular Mobilization
Forces were bested by Sadr, the veteran nationalist who believes Iraqis should run Iraqi affairs – not Washington, not
Tehran and not their various proxies. Today in Iraq many are discussing whether Iran has peaked and Iraq will become
Iran and its allies were mustering a bid Wednesday to limit the role of fiery Shiite cleric Moqtada Sadr in Iraq’s next
government after his shock election win reshaped the country’s political landscape.
After years on the sidelines, Moqtada Sadr and his Marching Towards Reform alliance have convinced many Iraqi’s that
they are champions of the poor and they linked up with secularists to battle corruption. Since 5/14/2018, Iranian
General Qassem Soleimani has met with several members of Iraq’s old guard including Abadi and his predecessor, Iran’s
agent Nouri al-Maliki, according to the AFP. Soleimani hopes to gather enough political leaders opposed to Sadr to deny
his alliance a governable majority and a route to the powerful position of prime minister.
Moqtadr Sadr, who has tapped popular anger over corruption and foreign interference has already ruled out governing with
Iranian surrogates and has and called instead for a technocratic government that can begin to tackle Iraq’s rampant
corruption and the mammoth rebuilding task left from the battle against IS.
It can be argued that the cornerstone of Iran’s approach to continue its active role in Syria despite the increased
Israeli and Western activism is to try to build upon the gaps among the West’s counterparts and to use such differences
in Iran’s favor.
Although it is still too soon to speak about the prospects for the success of this approach, one thing is certain: Iran
is not about to make any compromise over its presence and core interests in Syria. Iran knows that it owns Lebanon and
that Syria and Iraq, as well as Yemen, are within its grasp.