30 November 2006
Firing Trustees Proves Expensive
Many of the thousands of people who have established trusts in recent years are now facing unexpected legal bills to
change trustees. These bills can run to thousands of dollars depending on the assets held in the trust.
As the trust industry matures over the coming years there will be an increase in the number of trusts requiring changes
to their trustees. These changes can be for a number of reasons such as firing inactive trustees, replacing trustees
retiring from practice or even the death of a trustee. The key point is that trustees have a duty to secure the assets
into their name(s) therefore it must be done.
“The documentation required to change trustees is fairly straightforward” says Mark Maxwell, Chief Executive for Trust
Management Specialists - Integrity Trust Limited. “However it is the need to change the assets into the names of the new
trustees where significant cost can be incurred”.
Generally the most expensive assets to transfer to new trustees are property. This is because the title must be altered
to reflect the new owners and if there is a mortgage, replacement documentation is going to be needed as well. This
involves roughly the same work for your lawyer as a normal property transaction. Even a trust with the family home as
the sole asset will cost hundreds of dollars to change trustee.
“The issue of costs for changing trustees is yet another that has not been fully explained to clients” says Maxwell. The
question of who will pay these costs is an interesting one. For example, should a client pay for a retiring lawyer if it
is at the lawyer’s request?
As trustees learn more about what is involved in their role Maxwell expects the issue of changing trustees to surface
time and again. “We are seeing clients regularly that are not happy paying these costs mainly because they were never
told they would have to”.
While there are a few things that can be done to avoid some of these issues, such as having a corporate trustee, the
most important thing is to choose your trustees carefully. Having a professional independent trustee is not always the
answer. It may be better to appoint a good friend as independent trustee but be supported by a professional to ensure
all duties are discharged.
Regardless of who is appointed as trustee, the most important thing is that they understand their responsibilities and
discharge them to the best of their ability.
Mark Maxwell is Chief Executive and co-founder of Integrity Trust Limited (www.integritytrust.co.nz), a company
specialising in trust management. Mark has extensive experience in the trust industry after a 17 year career with Public
Trust where he held a number of senior roles, including General Manager of Charitable Services and National Manager,
Trustee Services Development.